Field Trip Site

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http://www.museumofman.org/

Information

San Diego Museum of Man 1350 El Prado, Balboa Park • San Diego, CA 92101 (619) 239-2001
Open Daily:
10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Closed: Thanksgiving & Christmas Day
Located in the Historic California Building In Balboa Park
Admission Fees

Adults - $12.50Youth (ages 13-17 years) - $7.50Children (ages 3-12 years) - $5.00Seniors (62+) - $7.50Students (with ID) - $7.50Active Military (with ID) - $7.50Children under 3 - FREE Members - FREE
Will require bus transportation to and from museum.

mummy_7.jpg Intro:

Visit the San Diego Museum of Man, the only anthropology and archaeology museum in San Diego County. The Museum is located in Balboa Park in the historic 1915 California Building with its iconic California Tower. The Museum has outstanding cultural (ethnographic) collections and physical anthropology collections and features five permanent exhibitions, including Ancient Egypt; Kumeyaay: Native Californians; Footsteps Through Time: Four Million Years of Human Evolution; Maya: Heart of Sky, Heart of Earth; and Discover Egypt. We also offer changing special exhibits featuring artifacts from our collections and around the world.

Valuable Exhibit:

The upcoming exhibition at the San Diego Museum of Man, Modern Day Mummy: The Art & Science of Mummification, will focus on the fascinating subject of mummification. The highlight of the exhibit will be “Mumab,” a modern day mummy preserved from the cadaver of a 70-year-old Baltimore man who donated his body to science in the mid-1990s.
Using ancient Egyptian techniques, Dr. Bob Brier, Senior Research Fellow at the C.W. Post Campus of Long Island University, and Ronn Wade, Director of the Maryland State Anatomy Board and Director of the Anatomical Services Division at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, transformed the body into an Egyptian-style mummy following 2,000 year-old descriptions of mummifying techniques.
Mumab, on permanent loan to the Museum of Man from the University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Anatomical Services Division, will be the central feature of this thrilling exhibit. It will showcase various types of mummies, both intentionally and naturally preserved, and the science and intrigue surrounding them. The exhibit also will illuminate how current research is performed on mummified remains, and what scientists hope to learn from them.
Additionally, the exhibit will present different types of situations mummy researchers may encounter in their work. For example, it will highlight how scientists in the field manage situations in which mummies cannot be moved due to potential risk to the mummy, due to cultural beliefs, and/or due to logistical complications. In such cases, researchers must utilize portable equipment, which will be displayed in the exhibit. Current laboratories and high-technology imaging facilities where new information about mummies is revealed also will be featured.
The curiosity surrounding this subject, as well as its historical appeal, is sure to attract many visitors who are anxious to learn more about the practice of mummification. Don’t miss the opportunity to meet the Museum of Man’s newest collections’ member: Modern Day Mummy.

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Pre- visit activites:

The exhibit,
Life and Death on the NIle,
gives us an opportunity to step back in time and
imagine life in Ancient Egypt by displaying some of the ancient art and artifacts found in Egyptian
homes, temples, and tombs from the Amarna Period (late 18th dynasty) rule by Pharaoh
Akhenaten. The life-giving powers of the sun, the annual flooding of the Nile, and the Pharaoh
as a living god and protector were all things that influenced Egyptian culture. The Ancient
Egyptians developed a highly distinctive culture that lasted for over 3,000 years.
A mummy, unlike a skeleton, includes soft tissue such as skin, muscles, and internal
organs. Our exhibit features an ‘international’ variety of mummies: two from Ancient Egypt, one
from Chihuahua, Mexico, five from the Andes mountains in Peru, and one from the Chinchorro
people of coastal Chile. Mummies are precious to us because they are the remains of a human
being. It is important that they are treated with respect and given the best possible care and
conservation. The techniques and materials used in mummification can tell us a great deal about
another culture’s technology, medicinal arts, and concept of the afterlife.
Pre-visit Activities:
Students should be able to locate on a map the Nile River and Upper and Lower Egypt.
Students should also be familiar with the geography in the surrounding area, the Mediterranean
Sea, and deserts to the east and west.
Vocabulary
General Terms:
Anthropology – the scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural
development of humans.
Archaeology – the systematic study of material remains from the past to describe and explain
human behavior.
Physical Anthropology – the study of the way the human body is formed and how it works.
Physical anthropologists study people through time, including the most ancient remains of human
bones.
Egyptian Terms:
Amulet – a charm worn to ward off evil or for good luck.
Canopic Jar – a carved container placed in tombs to hold the internal organs of the
mummified individual.
Cartonnage – a papier-mâché-like substance obtained by mixing linen, papyrus fiber, and chalk
plaster.
Cartouche – in hieroglyphs, an enclosed oval containing the name or title of a ruler or deity.
Embalm – to keep a dead body from decaying by treating it with various chemicals.
Dynasty – a succession of rulers who are members of the same family.
Hieroglyph – the representation of an object that stands for a word or sound.
Pharaoh – a title meaning “God-King,” used for the rulers of Ancient Egypt.
Polytheism – belief in, or worship of, many gods.
Scribe – in Ancient Egypt, someone who could read and write Hieroglyphs, often
employed as a copyist or clerk.
Stela – an upright stone slab or pillar that usually has carvings.

Ushabti – funerary statue intended to perform necessary tasks in the afterlife.

An inquiry- based activity to be completed during trip:

As you walk through the museum use your eyes to guide you through different times
and cultures. Pay close attention to the artifacts and don’t forget to read the labels.
Maya Exhibit: Heart of Sky, Heart of Earth
1. What are two types of stone carvings? Why do you think they were built?
2. What did the Maya use as currency?
Ancient Egypt and Mummies Around the World
5. Name three different countries and continents where mummies are found.
6. What are Ushabtis and what was their purpose?
Kumeyaay: Native Californians
7. Describe three ways that the Kumeyaay hunted for food.
8. Find the hut. What is it called and what is it made out of?
San Diego Museum of Man
Scavenger Hunt
Footsteps Through Time: Four Million Years of Human Evolution
9. Find out how old Lucy is and then find one fossil hominid that is older than her.
10. Acheulean stone tools were used by many different hominid species. Find the tool
chest and draw a picture of those tools. How could so many different hominids use
the same type of tool?
11. In the Primate Hall compare and contrast the different primate skulls. Which one
has the biggest canines relative to its other teeth and why? Which one is the smallest
and how is it different from the Gorilla skull?
Cultural Diversity
12. As you can see at the Museum of Man, the world we live in is full of cultural
diversity. Walk through the other exhibits and look at the different ways people live
around the world. Locate three different places where children are shown or mentioned

in the exhibits and describe what you learned below.
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Post- visit activities:


The Pharaoh Akhenaten:
While in the exhibit, students learned about the Pharaoh Akhenaten and his unusual reign
in the 18th Dynasty. Have students investigate more about the Pharaoh Akhenaten and
his queen, Nefertiti. Why is their reign so interesting to archaeologists? What did the city
of Amarna really look like? Why is Akhenaten viewed today as both a heretic and a hero?
Why was he viewed with such contempt by Ancient Egyptians? Have students write a
mini biography of Akhenaten or Nefertiti.
Cultural Views of Death:
At the museum, students learned about the elaborate funerary practices of the Ancient
Egyptians. Cross-culturally, funerals are times for families to come together. Have
students research and report burial customs among the varying cultural and religious
groups throughout San Diego County. These can include Catholic, Native American,
Filipino, Mexican, Buddhist, African-American, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim, Mormon,
Jehovah’s Witness, and Christian Scientist. Hypothesize and speculate what these
funerary and burial practices tell about these cultural/religious groups’ view of death.
Archaeology:
Much of what is known about Ancient Egypt comes from archaeological finds. The
material remains left behind by people tell archaeologists a vibrant story about what
people used to eat, what kind of art they made, what they traded for, and what kinds of
structures they built. Have students think about their favorite foods, hobbies, and homes.
If archaeologists went through their trash 200 years from now, what would they be able to
tell about them? Would archaeologists be able to tell what types of clothes they wore,
favorite foods, hobbies, interests?
Suggested Background Reading for Teachers:
Hart, George.

Ancient Egypt. Eyewitness Books,
Alfred A. Knopf, New
York, 1990.
Vercoutter, Jean.

The Search for Ancient Egypt.
Discoveries Books, Harry
N. Abrams, New York, 1992.
Wilkinson, Richard.

Reading Egyptian Art.
Thames and Hudson, London, 1992.
The Egyptian Mummy Secrets and Science.
The University
Museum, Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1980.

Oakes, Lorna.
Ancient Egypt.

Hermes House, New York, 2002.



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